Minimalism in Interior Design

The beauty of minimalist interior design lies in its simplicity. Minimalism can be defined as design which has been rid of all frills and contains only the absolute essential elements. Minimalism isn’t restricted only to interior design and architecture but also can be seen in art and music. Infact, minimalism in the arts began in the 1960s and was first used in the early 20th century to describe a painting done in 1913 by the Russian painter Kasimir Malevich.
“Less is more” is the founding principle of minimalist interior design. The idea here is not to completely shun ornamentation but to remove superfluous elements and ensure that every element such as joinery, handles etc that go into the design improve the design. Interior designers who work with a minimalistic style design sites, so that a relationship is created between the building and the surrounding environment. Big windows and open floor plans thus become trademarks of the minimalist interior design style.


Minimalism is said to be influenced by Japanese design. To design your home interiors in a minimalistic style choose a colour palette with only 1 to 2 colours. A minimalist colour palette is usually dominated by white, grey and black. Other natural hues and metallic finishes also can sometimes be seen in minimalistic interiors. Very few minimalistic interiors will feature accent walls in a third colour. If the look is too stark brighten it with pops of colour in art or accent cushions etc. While selecting art choose large bold pieces instead of a collage of smaller pieces.

Since the beginning, minimalism has inferred the use of materials like glass, mirror, polished cement, and wood with natural finishes. Minimalist interiors are airy and designed to make a space feel vast and open. Mirrors play a large role in minimalistic interior design in order to make small spaces look larger. When it comes to flooring, minimalism encourages the use of large tiles that give the room a seamless appearance and stays away from parquet flooring and similar intricate design elements. In minimalist interiors, glossy and matte surfaces can correlate with shiny polished elements.


Interior designers in India often employ the 20-80 principle while designing minimalist interiors where a space has 20% furniture and the rest is left free. Simple geometric shapes and functionality are the most important criteria in choosing minimalist style furniture. Also, minimalist furniture is compact and can often be found to be dual functional and feature low seating. To create an impact you could add a singular unconventional element like a table or easy chair.
For lighting elements, natural light is favoured in minimalistic home interiors. Additional light features are usually hidden or also act as sculptural décor.

Minimalism stays away from patterns and employs only solid colours in upholstery fabrics, curtaining etc. Traditional curtains are hardly ever seen in minimalistic home interiors and windows are usually shaded by roman curtains, roll curtains or blinds.

What do you think of this interior design style? Would it work in your home?


Designing your home interiors: Minimalism in Interior Design – Sourced from